Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

154,686 Full-Text Articles 179,952 Authors 56,080,941 Downloads 312 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering

Faceted Search

154,686 full-text articles. Page 4540 of 4551.

A Study Of The Effect Of The Position Of An Edge Filter Within A Ratiometric Wavelength Measurement System, Qiang wu, Pengfei Wang, Yuliya Semenova, Gerald Farrell 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Study Of The Effect Of The Position Of An Edge Filter Within A Ratiometric Wavelength Measurement System, Qiang Wu, Pengfei Wang, Yuliya Semenova, Gerald Farrell

Articles

The effect of the position of an edge filter within a ratiometric wavelength measurement system was investigated based on three cases: (1) the reflected fibre Bragg grating (FBG) signal passes through both the reference arm and the edge filter arm, (2) the reflected FBG signal is connected directly to the edge filter arm and does not pass through the reference arm, (3) the edge filter sits in line with the FBG and thus the source power is filtered prior to reaching the FBG. Both numerical simulations and experimental results show that cases 1 and 2 have similar system performance whilst ...


Strain Sensor Based On A Pair Of Single-Mode-Multimode-Single-Mode Fiber Structures In A Ratiometric Power Measurement Scheme, Agus Hatta, Yuliya Semenova, Qiang wu, Gerald Farrell 2010 Technological University Dublin

Strain Sensor Based On A Pair Of Single-Mode-Multimode-Single-Mode Fiber Structures In A Ratiometric Power Measurement Scheme, Agus Hatta, Yuliya Semenova, Qiang Wu, Gerald Farrell

Articles

The strain and temperature dependencies of a step-index single-mode–multimode–single-mode (SMS) fiber structure are investigated numerically and experimentally. For intensity-based strain measurement using a single SMS fiber structure, at a selected wavelength, it is found that there is a high strain dependence, but also a temperature dependence that will induce strain measurement error. To minimize the temperature-induced strain measurement error, two SMS fiber structures are proposed and demonstrated in a ratiometric power measurement scheme; one SMS structure acts as the strain sensor, and the other SMS structure acts as the temperature monitor. The extracted temperature information is used to ...


Experimental Analysis And Demonstration Of A Low Cost Fibre Optic Temperature Sensor System For Engineering Applications, Ginu Rajan, Yuliya Semenova, Jinesh Mathew, Gerald Farrell 2010 Technological University Dublin

Experimental Analysis And Demonstration Of A Low Cost Fibre Optic Temperature Sensor System For Engineering Applications, Ginu Rajan, Yuliya Semenova, Jinesh Mathew, Gerald Farrell

Articles

An epoxy packaged surface mountable fibre temperature sensor for engineering applications is presented in this paper. The temperature sensor is based on a macro-bend single-mode fibre loop employed in a ratiometric power measurement scheme and has a linear characteristic with temperature at a fixed wavelength and bend radius. The sensor head consists of a single turn of a bare bend sensitive single-mode fibre with an applied absorption coating. The temperature of the sensor head is varied up to 80 0C and the linearity of the response is studied with different applied absorption coatings. The sensor head is packaged in a ...


A Bend Loss Based Singlemode Fiber Micro-Displacement Sensor, Pengfei Wang, Yuliya Semenova, Qiang wu, Gerald Farrell 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Bend Loss Based Singlemode Fiber Micro-Displacement Sensor, Pengfei Wang, Yuliya Semenova, Qiang Wu, Gerald Farrell

Articles

An all-fiber displacement sensor with a simple configuration is proposed and investigated theoretically and experimentally. The proposed fiber displacement sensor consists of a half-loop structure of high-bend loss singlemode fiber-1060XP. A ratiometric power measurement system for interrogating the proposed sensor is also presented. By measuring the change in ratio of bend loss in the ratiometric measurement system, a change in displacement can be measured assuming the ratiometric system is calibrated. The proposed macrobending fiber based displacement sensor achieves a competitive resolution of circa 0.33 μm and also benefits from simplicity compared with the conventional fiber Bragg grating based displacement ...


Treatment Guidelines For Pavement Preservation, Jusang Lee, Todd Shields 2010 Indiana Department of Transportation

Treatment Guidelines For Pavement Preservation, Jusang Lee, Todd Shields

JTRP Technical Reports

This project presents pavement treatment practice guidelines and a distress identification manual for the purpose of improving the INDOT pavement preservation practices. The treatment guidelines consist of 10 treatment types for asphalt pavements and composite pavements and 8 treatment types for Portland cement concrete pavement (PCCP). The treatment guidelines include treatment descriptions, benefits, applicable pavement conditions, treatment materials, and treatment procedures. The guidelines are based on information obtained mainly from the INDOT Standard Specification, the INDOT Design Manual, and the INDOT Field Operations Handbook for Crew Leaders. The treatments are covered in the guidelines. The distress identification manual presents the ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Ring-Shaped Emission Profile In Plasma Bullet, Yukinori Sakiyama, David B. Graves, Julien Jarrige, Mounir Laroussi 2010 Old Dominion University

Finite Element Analysis Of Ring-Shaped Emission Profile In Plasma Bullet, Yukinori Sakiyama, David B. Graves, Julien Jarrige, Mounir Laroussi

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Using a one-way coupled model of neutral gas flow and plasma dynamics we report a mechanism to explain the ring-shaped emission pattern that has been observed experimentally in plasma bullets at atmospheric pressure. We solve a fluid model with the local field approximation in one-dimensional cylindrical coordinates, corresponding to a cross-section of a plasma bullet. Pulselike uniform electric field is assumed to be applied perpendicular to the simulation domain. Time and spatially resolved spectroscopic measurements support the simulation results.


Destruction Of Α -Synuclein Based Amyloid Fibrils By A Low Temperature Plasma Jet, Erdinc Karakas, Agatha Munyanyi, Lesley Greene, Mounir Laroussi 2010 Old Dominion University

Destruction Of Α -Synuclein Based Amyloid Fibrils By A Low Temperature Plasma Jet, Erdinc Karakas, Agatha Munyanyi, Lesley Greene, Mounir Laroussi

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Amyloid fibrils are ordered beta-sheet aggregates that are associated with a number of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer and Parkinson. At present, there is no cure for these progressive and debilitating diseases. Here we report initial studies that indicate that low temperature atmospheric pressure plasma can break amyloid fibrils into smaller units in vitro. The plasma was generated by the plasma pencil, a device capable of emitting a long, low temperature plasma plume/jet. This avenue of research may facilitate the development of a plasma-based medical treatment.


Implementing Tablet Pcs In A Distance Learning Environment, Glenda Scales, Sharon Caraballo, James Groves, Rosalyn Hobson, Linda Vahala, Catherine Amelink 2010 Old Dominion University

Implementing Tablet Pcs In A Distance Learning Environment, Glenda Scales, Sharon Caraballo, James Groves, Rosalyn Hobson, Linda Vahala, Catherine Amelink

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

(First paragraph) The Commonwealth Graduate Engineering Program (CGEP) is a collaborative distance education program developed by leading Universities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is over 25 years old and its main goal is to deliver graduate engineering courses to qualified professionals located across the Commonwealth of Virginia. Traditionally, the courses delivered to students in this program are done through interactive video conferencing (IVC) technology and most students are required to drive to a physical location. However, an increasing number of working professionals are beginning to want more flexibility with the timing and locations of these classes. With these changes ...


Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim, Thaddaeus Bode 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim, Thaddaeus Bode

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

This research was conducted to study more realistic explanations of how variables are created and dealt with during hot mix asphalt (HMA) paving construction. Several paving projects across the state of Nebraska have been visited where sensory devices were used to test how the selected variables contribute to temperature differentials including density, moisture content within the asphalt, material surface temperature, internal temperature, wind speed, haul time, and equipment type. Areas of high temperature differentials are identified using an infrared camera whose usefulness was initially confirmed with a penetrating thermometer. A non-nuclear density device was also used to record how the ...


Design And Performance Analysis Of Genetic Algorithms For Topology Control Problems, Cem Safak Sahin 2010 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Design And Performance Analysis Of Genetic Algorithms For Topology Control Problems, Cem Safak Sahin

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, we present a bio-inspired decentralized topology control mechanism, called force-based genetic algorithm (FGA), where a genetic algorithm (GA) is run by each autonomous mobile node to achieve a uniform spread of mobile nodes and to provide a fully connected network over an unknown area. We present a formal analysis of FGA in terms of convergence speed, uniformity at area coverage, and Lyapunov stability theorem.

This dissertation emphasizes the use of mobile nodes to achieve a uniform distribution over an unknown terrain without a priori information and a central control unit. In contrast, each mobile node running our ...


Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion 2010 Iowa State University

Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Our research team is developing an agent-based test bed for the integrated study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid functionality. This test bed seams together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale Power Market Test Bed and the GridLAB-D distribution platform. As a first step, we have designed an integrated retail/wholesale market module specifically based on the ERCOT (Texas) energy region, and we are using simplified versions of this module to study potential retail consumer response to real-time-pricing contracts supported by advanced metering. This study reports on the latter work.


Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim Ph.D., Thaddaeus Bode 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim Ph.D., Thaddaeus Bode

Final Reports & Technical Briefs from Mid-America Transportation Center

This research was conducted to study more realistic explanations of how variables are created and dealt with during hot mix asphalt (HMA) paving construction. Several paving projects across the state of Nebraska have been visited where sensory devices were used to test how the selected variables contribute to temperature differentials including density, moisture content within the asphalt, material surface temperature, internal temperature, wind speed, haul time, and equipment type. Areas of high temperature differentials are identified using an infrared camera whose usefulness was initially confirmed with a penetrating thermometer. A non-nuclear density device was also used to record how the ...


Safety Investigation And Guidance For Work-Zone Devices In Freight Transportation Systems Subjected To Passenger Car And Truck Impacts With New Crash Standards, Ronald K. Faller Ph.D., P.E., Dean L. Sicking Ph.D., P.E., Karla A. Lechtenberg M.S.C.E., E.I.T., James C. Holloway M.S.C.E., E.I.T., Jennifer D. Schmidt 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Safety Investigation And Guidance For Work-Zone Devices In Freight Transportation Systems Subjected To Passenger Car And Truck Impacts With New Crash Standards, Ronald K. Faller Ph.D., P.E., Dean L. Sicking Ph.D., P.E., Karla A. Lechtenberg M.S.C.E., E.I.T., James C. Holloway M.S.C.E., E.I.T., Jennifer D. Schmidt

Final Reports & Technical Briefs from Mid-America Transportation Center

Crashworthy, work-zone, portable sign support systems accepted under NCHRP Report No. 350 were analyzed to predict their safety peformance according to the TL-3 MASH evaluation criteria. An analysis was conducted to determine which hardware parameters of sign support systems would likely contribute to the safety performance with MASH. The acuracy of the method was evaluated through full-scale crash testing. Four full-scale crash tests were conducted with a pickup truck. Two tall-mounted, sign support systems with aluminum sign panels failed the MASH criteria due to windshield penetration. One low-mounted system with a vinyl, roll-up sign panel failed the MASH criteria due ...


Improving Freight Fire Safety: Analysis And Testing Of Real Engine Conditions To Progress Development Of Mist-Controlling Additives For Fire Mitigation, Albert Rathner Ph.D. 2010 University of Iowa

Improving Freight Fire Safety: Analysis And Testing Of Real Engine Conditions To Progress Development Of Mist-Controlling Additives For Fire Mitigation, Albert Rathner Ph.D.

Final Reports & Technical Briefs from Mid-America Transportation Center

The formation of a fuel mist resulting from high shear stresses acting on the fuel during violent sloshing and tank rupture under the energy of a crash severely increases the occurrence and intensity of fires in transportation related accidents. In order to minimize such crash-induced fires, adding long chained polymers to diesel fuel was proposed to arrest the break-up of diesel into a fine mist. Such polymers with specifically engineered properties are intended to impart non-Newtonian characteristics to diesel, which would then alter its flow behavior under the applied shear stresses. As a first step in this direction, calculations are ...


Mitigating Wind Induced Truck Crashes, Thomas E. Mulinazzi, Steven Schrock Ph.D., P.E. 2010 University of Kansas

Mitigating Wind Induced Truck Crashes, Thomas E. Mulinazzi, Steven Schrock Ph.D., P.E.

Final Reports & Technical Briefs from Mid-America Transportation Center

Dangerous weather and high wind in particular, is a common contributing factor in truck crashes. High wind speeds have been documented as a perennial cause of truck crashes in Kansas and other Great Plains states. The possibility of reducing such crashes, combined with the installation of dynamic message signs along Interstate 70, created an opportunity for further research. To this end, crash data were obtained from the Kansas Department of Transportation’s Accident Records System for all heavy vehicle crashes on I-70 that involved strong winds. The data were analyzed to determine the correlations between the vehicle and freight characteristics ...


Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Thaddaeus Bode, Yong-Rak Kim 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Thaddaeus Bode, Yong-Rak Kim

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

No abstract provided.


About The Chemistry Of The Terminating 5f-Planes In I-Alpdmn : A Comparison Between Models And Surface Studies, M. Quiquandon, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, D. Gratias 2010 LEM CNRS-ONERA

About The Chemistry Of The Terminating 5f-Planes In I-Alpdmn : A Comparison Between Models And Surface Studies, M. Quiquandon, Baris Unal, Patricia A. Thiel, D. Gratias

Chemistry Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Structural arguments are proposed that support the hypothesis that the equilibrium 5f-surfaces of i-AlPdMn icosahedral alloys are actual cuts of the bulk structure with almost pure Al termination planes [1, 2] corresponding to actual bulk properties with no need for possible Al segregation on the surface. Most of the 5f termination planes in i-AlPdMn are made of two close planes containing essentially Al at the upper one and Al and Pd at the second one (see for instance [3]). Here, perfect unrelaxed structural models that differ only in the chemical distribution of the atomic species are devised, close to the ...


Biomechanical Evaluation Of Modified Track Shoes, Marlon Alberetos Greensword 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Biomechanical Evaluation Of Modified Track Shoes, Marlon Alberetos Greensword

LSU Master's Theses

Track and field runners, especially sprinters and mid-distance runners, face many problems due to walking in spike shoes. Due to the fact that track and field spike shoes are designed specifically for running, the runner’s feet remain in an uncomfortable, flexed position when walking between workouts and races. Problems caused by the dangerous foot-positioning include, but are not limited to, the following: back pain, shin splints, bone spurs, blisters, and overall decreased level of running performance. Over time, runners wearing improper footwear for walking may face chronic injuries such as plantar fasciitis, shin splints, Achilles tendinitis, chondromalacia, and iliotibial ...


Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang

Faculty Publications

Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is one of the breakthrough technologies that belong to far-field optical microscopy and can achieve nanoscale spatial resolution. We demonstrate a far-field optical nanoscopy based on continuous wave lasers with different wavelengths, i.e., violet and green lasers for excitation and STED, respectively. Fluorescent dyes Coumarin 102 and Atto 390 are used for validating the depletion efficiency. Fluorescent nanoparticles are selected for characterizing the spatial resolution of the STED system. Linear scanning of the laser beams of the STED system along one line of a microscope slide, which is coated with the nanoparticles, indicates that ...


Variable-Wavelength Frequency-Domain Terahertz Ellipsometry, Tino Hofmann, C. M. Herzinger, A. Boosalis, T. E. Tiwald, John A. Woollam, Mathias Schubert 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Variable-Wavelength Frequency-Domain Terahertz Ellipsometry, Tino Hofmann, C. M. Herzinger, A. Boosalis, T. E. Tiwald, John A. Woollam, Mathias Schubert

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We report an experimental setup for wavelength-tunable frequency-domain ellipsometric measurements in the terahertz spectral range from 0.2 to 1.5 THz employing a desktop-based backward wave oscillator source. The instrument allows for variable angles of incidence between 30° and 90° and operates in a polarizer-sample-rotating analyzer scheme. The backward wave oscillator source has a tunable base frequency of 107–177 GHz and is augmented with a set of Schottky diode frequency multipliers in order to extend the spectral range to 1.5 THz. We use an odd-bounce image rotation system in combination with a wire grid polarizer to prepare ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress

RB88 热博rb88| 热博体育官网| 热博体育在线| 热博rb88| rb88热博电竞手机版| rb88热博电竞平台| 热博体育官网| 热博手机版| 热博rb88| 电竞竞猜| BTI体育| 热博rb88| 热博rb88|