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A Study Of Potential Security And Safety Vulnerabilities In Cyber-Physical Systems, Ali Al-Hashimi 2020 Utah State University

A Study Of Potential Security And Safety Vulnerabilities In Cyber-Physical Systems, Ali Al-Hashimi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The work in this dissertation focuses on two examples of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), integrations of communication and monitoring capabilities to control a physical system, that operate in adversarial environments. That is to say, it is possible for individuals with malicious intent to gain access to various components of the CPS, disrupt normal operation, and induce harmful impacts. Such a deliberate action will be referred to as an attack. Therefore, some possible attacks against two CPSs will be studied in this dissertation and, when possible, solutions to handle such attacks will also be suggested.

The first CPS of interest is vehicular ...


Command, Control And Telemetry For Utah State University's Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (Sport) Mission, Jordan Haws 2020 Utah State University

Command, Control And Telemetry For Utah State University's Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (Sport) Mission, Jordan Haws

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (SPORT) is a joint United States of America (USA) and Brazil small satellite mission to address the further under-standing of the preconditions leading to equatorial plasma bubbles. Utah State University (USU) is supplying four instruments towards this SPORT mission. These four instruments will allow measurements of the electric field and plasma density in the ionosphere which will help understand what gives rise to plasma bubbles in the ionosphere.

This thesis will discuss the command, control, and telemetry communications needed to operate the SPORT USU instruments. It will cover an overview of the instruments involved ...


Hardware Accelerator For Star Centroiding, Nazmus Sakib 2020 Utah State University

Hardware Accelerator For Star Centroiding, Nazmus Sakib

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the dawn of civilization mankind has gazed upon the night sky and looked for directions. In this modern age, the stars have proved to be a reliable reference point for navigation in space. From small-satellites for gathering weather data to inter-planetary missions like Cassini Orbiter, figuring out the location of a spacecraft has been done successfully by taking images of star filed visible from the spacecraft, processing and analyzing the image to find the stars and then finding out from a star catalog which part of the sky the patterns of the visible stars best matches. But a lot ...


Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to design a larger submicron linear polarizer in the near-infrared wavelength range with a wide bandwidth which can be fabricated using the conventional thin-film microfabrication technology to reduce cost. For this purpose, a gold (Au) wire-grid transmission-type transverse-magnetic (TM) polarizer and a silicon (Si) wire-grid reflection-type TM polarizer, were designed using the guided-mode-resonance filter. The Au wire-grid TM polarizer of 700nm grating width and 1200nm grating period has 95% transmittance at 2400nm, more than 1000nm resonance peak bandwidth, and an extinction ratio (ER) of around 300 with a moderated level of sidebands. The 700nm ...


Syllabus Ee330 Electromagnetics, Nicholas Madamopoulos 2020 CUNY City College

Syllabus Ee330 Electromagnetics, Nicholas Madamopoulos

Open Educational Resources

Concepts covered in the undergraduate electrical engineering class of electromagnetics


Super Education For Supercomputers, Ezgi Gursel, Jeremy Evert 2020 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Super Education For Supercomputers, Ezgi Gursel, Jeremy Evert

Student Research

Supercomputing (1 OOX more powerful than a desktop) allows organizations to solve complex problems that are not easily studied in any other way (ex. Blue Waters to simulate the known universe since the beginning of time for the design of the James Webb telescope). Producing qualified individuals to take advantage of the growing number of supercomputing jobs is a constant struggle. This poster provides an overview of education in supercomputing, explains how training occurs, and describes some of the key players working to educate a taskforce to deal with these highly complex machines.


Innovation In Pedagogy And Technology Symposium, 2019: Selected Conference Proceedings, University of Nebraska Online, University of Nebraska Information Technology Services 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Innovation In Pedagogy And Technology Symposium, 2019: Selected Conference Proceedings, University Of Nebraska Online, University Of Nebraska Information Technology Services

Zea E-Books

Advancing Technology in Education at the University of Nebraska, May 7, 2019

Welcome Address ? Susan Fritz, Ph.D., Executive Vice President and Provost, University of Nebraska 6

Opening Remarks ? Mary Niemiec, Associate Vice President for Digital Education, Director of University of Nebraska Online 6

Keynote Presentation: Shaping the Next Generation of Higher Education ? Bryan Alexander, Ph.D. 6

Featured Extended Presentation: Redesigning Courses & Determining Effectiveness Through Research ? Tanya Joosten, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), Erin Blankenship, Ph.D. (UNL), Ella Burnham (UNL), Nate Eidem, Ph.D. (UNK), Marnie Imhoff (UNMC), Linsey Donner (UNMC), Ellie Miller (UNMC) 7

5 Ways to Utilize ...


Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina 2020 Iowa State University

Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina

Industrial Design Publications

In this work, the design of a pulsed magnetic field generator, with user-selective pulsed modulation frequency is described. The ability to operate at various frequencies (single-frequency below 10 MHz) makes the system valuable to several areas such as medical treatments and pulsed switching systems. In this work, the pulsed magnetic field generator is designed to create localized field effects in portable magnetic resonance systems. Users may operate at a Larmor precession frequency between 100 kHz - 10 MHz and can achieve high currents through the load. Certain tunability can also be obtained by varying the load inductance or switching device conditions ...


Examples Of Gibsonian Affordances In Legged Robotics Research Using An Empirical, Generative Framework, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek, Lisa J. Miracchi 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Examples Of Gibsonian Affordances In Legged Robotics Research Using An Empirical, Generative Framework, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek, Lisa J. Miracchi

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Evidence from empirical literature suggests that explainable complex behaviors can be built from structured compositions of explainable component behaviors with known properties. Such component behaviors can be built to directly perceive and exploit affordances. Using six examples of recent research in legged robot locomotion, we suggest that robots can be programmed to effectively exploit affordances without developing explicit internal models of them. We use a generative framework to discuss the examples, because it helps us to separate—and thus clarify the relationship between—description of affordance exploitation from description of the internal representations used by the robot in that exploitation ...


A Prismatic Conformal Metasurface For Radar Cross-Section Reduction, Yajin Wang, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Qingxin Guo, Jiming Song 2020 Communication University of China

A Prismatic Conformal Metasurface For Radar Cross-Section Reduction, Yajin Wang, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Qingxin Guo, Jiming Song

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

A prismatic conformal metasurface, based on optimized multielement phase cancellation (OMEPC), is proposed for wideband radar cross-section (RCS) reduction. The metasurface is composed of 35 lattices located in 7 zones of a prismatic structure. The lattices in different zones are simulated under corresponding incident angles and taken into account the difference of wave path caused by the bending of the conformal structure. The interactions between multiple backscattered waves produced by the lattices are manipulated, and optimized simultaneously by the hybrid array pattern synthesis and particle swarm optimization (PSO) to achieve wideband destructive interference. The proposed metasurface can realize a 10 ...


Measuring Localization Confidence For Quantifying Accuracy And Heterogeneity In Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy, Hesam Mazidi, Tianben Ding, Arye Nehorai, Matthew D. Lew 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Measuring Localization Confidence For Quantifying Accuracy And Heterogeneity In Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy, Hesam Mazidi, Tianben Ding, Arye Nehorai, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

We present a computational method, termed Wasserstein-induced flux (WIF), to robustly quantify the accuracy of individual localizations within a single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) dataset without ground- truth knowledge of the sample. WIF relies on the observation that accurate localizations are stable with respect to an arbitrary computational perturbation. Inspired by optimal transport theory, we measure the stability of individual localizations and develop an efficient optimization algorithm to compute WIF. We demonstrate the advantage of WIF in accurately quantifying imaging artifacts in high-density reconstruction of a tubulin network. WIF represents an advance in quantifying systematic errors with unknown and complex distributions ...


A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Modulating the polarization of excitation light, resolving the polarization of emitted fluorescence, and point spread function (PSF) engineering have been widely leveraged for measuring the orientation of single molecules. Typically, the performance of these techniques is optimized and quantified using the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB), which describes the best possible measurement variance of an unbiased estimator. However, CRB is a local measure and requires exhaustive sampling across the measurement space to fully characterize measurement precision. We develop a global variance upper bound (VUB) for fast quantification and comparison of orientation measurement techniques. Our VUB tightly bounds the diagonal elements of the ...


Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Storm drains and sanitary sewers are prone to backups and overflows due to extra amount wastewater entering the pipes. To prevent that, it is imperative to efficiently monitor the urban underground infrastructure. The combination of sensors system and wireless underground communication system can be used to realize urban underground IoT applications, e.g., storm water and wastewater overflow monitoring systems. The aim of this article is to establish a feasibility of the use of wireless underground communications techniques, and wave propagation through the subsurface soil and asphalt layers, in an underground pavement system for storm water and sewer overflow monitoring ...


In-Situ Gold-Ceria Nanoparticles: Superior Optical Fluorescence Quenching Sensor For Dissolved Oxygen, Nader Shehata, Ishac Kandas, Effat Samir 2020 Old Dominion University

In-Situ Gold-Ceria Nanoparticles: Superior Optical Fluorescence Quenching Sensor For Dissolved Oxygen, Nader Shehata, Ishac Kandas, Effat Samir

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Cerium oxide (ceria) nanoparticles (NPs) have been proved to be an efficient optical fluorescent material through generating visible emission (~530 nm) under violet excitation. This feature allowed ceria NPs to be used as an optical sensor via the fluorescence quenching Technique. In this paper, the impact of in-situ embedded gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) inside ceria nanoparticles was studied. Then, gold–ceria NPs were used for sensing dissolved oxygen (DO) in aqueous media. It was observed that both fluorescence intensity and lifetime were changed due to increased concentration of DO. Added gold was found to enhance the sensitivity of ceria to ...


Geometric State Observers For Autonomous Navigation Systems, Miaomiao Wang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Geometric State Observers For Autonomous Navigation Systems, Miaomiao Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The development of reliable state estimation algorithms for autonomous navigation systems is of great interest in the control and robotics communities. This thesis studies the state estimation problem for autonomous navigation systems. The first part of this thesis is devoted to the pose estimation on the Special Euclidean group $\SE(3)$. A generic globally exponentially stable hybrid estimation scheme for pose (orientation and position) and velocity-bias estimation on $\SE(3)\times \mathbb{R}^6$ is proposed. Moreover, an explicit hybrid observer, using inertial and landmark position measurements, is provided.

The second part of this thesis is devoted to the problem ...


Generating Electromagnetic Dark And Antidark Partially Coherent Sources, Milo W. Hyde IV 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Generating Electromagnetic Dark And Antidark Partially Coherent Sources, Milo W. Hyde Iv

Faculty Publications

We present two methods to generate an electromagnetic dark and antidark partially coherent source. The first generalizes a recently published scalar approach by representing the stochastic electric field vector components as sums of randomly weighted, randomly tilted plane waves. The second method expands the field’s vector components in series of randomly weighted dark and antidark coherent modes. The statistical moments of the random weights—plane waves in the former method, coherent modes in the latter—are found by comparing the resulting means and covariances to those of the desired electromagnetic dark and antidark source. We validate both methods by ...


Modulation Of Robot Orientation Via Leg-Obstacle Contact Positions, Divya Ramesh, Anmol Kathail, Daniel E. Koditschek, Feifei Qian 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Modulation Of Robot Orientation Via Leg-Obstacle Contact Positions, Divya Ramesh, Anmol Kathail, Daniel E. Koditschek, Feifei Qian

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We study a quadrupedal robot traversing a structured (i.e., periodically spaced) obstacle field driven by an open-loop quasi-static trotting walk. Despite complex, repeated collisions and slippage between robot legs and obstacles, the robot’s horizontal plane body orientation (yaw) trajectory can converge in the absence of any body level feedback to stable steady state patterns. We classify these patterns into a series of “types” ranging from stable locked equilibria, to stable periodic oscillations, to unstable or mixed period oscillations. We observe that the stable equilibria can bifurcate to stable periodic oscillations and then to mixed period oscillations as the ...


A Markovian Influence Graph Formed From Utility Line Outage Data To Mitigate Large Cascades, Kai Zhou, Ian Dobson, Zhaoyu Wang, Alexander Roitershtein, Arka P. Ghosh 2020 Iowa State University

A Markovian Influence Graph Formed From Utility Line Outage Data To Mitigate Large Cascades, Kai Zhou, Ian Dobson, Zhaoyu Wang, Alexander Roitershtein, Arka P. Ghosh

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

We use observed transmission line outage data to make a Markovian influence graph that describes the probabilities of transitions between generations of cascading line outages. Each generation of a cascade consists of a single line outage or multiple line outages. The new influence graph defines a Markov chain and generalizes previous influence graphs by including multiple line outages as Markov chain states. The generalized influence graph can reproduce the distribution of cascade size in the utility data. In particular, it can estimate the probabilities of small, medium and large cascades. The influence graph has the key advantage of allowing the ...


Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Lo 2020 Portland State University

Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Lo

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper proposes an improved estimation approach for modelling RF power amplifiers (PAs) using the Saleh behavioural model. The proposed approach is appropriate for solid-state PA technologies. The 1-dB compression point of the PA is included in the estimation approach to improve the estimation of the Saleh coefficients. Thus, expressions are derived to describe the relationship between the parameters of the Saleh model and the manufacturing specifications of PAs: gain (G), third-order intercept point (IP3) and 1-dB compression point (P1dB). This method is a simple estimation of a memoryless amplitude-to-amplitude (AM/AM) nonlinearity to benefit RF designers evaluating ...


Residential Thermal Storage And Cooling, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Jacob Anderson, Andrew Clarke, Daphne Forester, Bianca Hardtke, Josh Hartman, Marc D. Compere 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Residential Thermal Storage And Cooling, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Jacob Anderson, Andrew Clarke, Daphne Forester, Bianca Hardtke, Josh Hartman, Marc D. Compere

Sustainability Conference

No abstract provided.


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