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Countermeasures For Pedestrian-Involved Accidents On Interstate-Highways, Anna C. Hunter 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Countermeasures For Pedestrian-Involved Accidents On Interstate-Highways, Anna C. Hunter

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Pedestrian access to the Interstate is prohibited, but many pedestrian-involved accidents still occur on the Interstate in the United States. This project is a case study of West Memphis, Arkansas, which has the second highest occurrence of pedestrian-involved accidents on the Interstate in Arkansas. The study site location includes a segment of Interstate I-40 which is at- grade. The surrounding area contains several different land-uses, which is believed to be the primary generator of these accidents. The goal of this project is to determine the primary causes of these accidents and determine potential countermeasures to reduce the crash rate for ...


Strategic Infrastructure Planning For Autonomous Vehicles, Zhaocai Liu 2020 Utah State University

Strategic Infrastructure Planning For Autonomous Vehicles, Zhaocai Liu

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Compared with conventional human-driven vehicles (HVs), AVs have various potential benefits, such as increasing road capacity and lowering vehicular fuel consumption and emissions. Road infrastructure management, adaptation, and upgrade plays a key role in promoting the adoption and benefit realization of AVs.This dissertation investigated several strategic infrastructure planning problems for AVs. First, it studied the potential impact of AVs on the congestion patterns of transportation networks. Second, it investigated the strategic planning problem for a new form of managed lanes for autonomous vehicles, designated as autonomous-vehicle/toll lanes, which are freely accessible to autonomous vehicles while allowing human-driven vehicles ...


Ranchers Adapting To Climate Variability In The Upper Colorado River Basin, Utah, Hadia Akbar 2020 Utah State University

Ranchers Adapting To Climate Variability In The Upper Colorado River Basin, Utah, Hadia Akbar

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Changes in climate influence agricultural production. This study looks at the impacts of climate variability in the Utah regions of the Upper Colorado River Basin by combining regression techniques with interview data to explore how climate variability affects agricultural production and how the farmers are adapting their practices to these changes. The results show that climate does not have any significant impact on cattle and hay production in the study area on a decadal scale. However, on an annual basis temperature seems to have more impact than precipitation. Among non-climatic variables, commodity prices and their regulations by the government are ...


Pollution Prevention And Water Reuse At Utah Department Of Transportation Facilities, Amanda Stoudt 2020 Utah State University

Pollution Prevention And Water Reuse At Utah Department Of Transportation Facilities, Amanda Stoudt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As stormwater flows over roads, sidewalks, and other impervious surfaces, it picks up pollutants that are deposited on these surfaces. One common pollutant transported by stormwater is road salt. While the application of road salt is crucial for wintertime public safety, road salt has a host of negative environmental impacts. Road salt has been linked to increasing levels of dissolved solids in groundwater, vegetation damage, and behavioral changes in aquatic organisms. Studies have shown that these impacts are concentrated around salt storage facilities. As a result, the United States Environmental Protection Agency issued many state departments of transportation municipal separate ...


Air Quality Analysis Of Merrimack College, Patrick J. Mckeown 2020 Merrimack College

Air Quality Analysis Of Merrimack College, Patrick J. Mckeown

Honors Program Contracts

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Impacts Of Greenhouse Gasses On Upwelling And Surface Temperature In The California Current System, Kevin McGee 2020 Loyola Marymount University

Assessing The Impacts Of Greenhouse Gasses On Upwelling And Surface Temperature In The California Current System, Kevin Mcgee

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

The California Current system (CCS) is home to a vast and diverse marine coastal ecosystem. Upwelling is an oceanic phenomenon wind-driven displacement of surface water brings cold nutrient-rich water from the ocean bottom to surface waters. Along the coast in the CCS, upwelling occurs via the advection of water perpendicular to the shoreline northerly winds, a phenomenon called “Ekman Transport”. In the open ocean. Wind stress curl causes disruption of normal currents, resulting in small pockets of upwelled or downwelled water (downwelling is the movement of water downward in the ocean, the opposite of upwelling). This process is called “Ekman ...


Numerical Study Of Bolted Moment Connections In Cold-Formed Steel Frames, Mohamed El Aghoury, Essam Amoush, Mohamed Soliman 2020 Association of Arab Universities

Numerical Study Of Bolted Moment Connections In Cold-Formed Steel Frames, Mohamed El Aghoury, Essam Amoush, Mohamed Soliman

Future Engineering Journal

Bolted moment connections for cold-formed steel frames are considered very important and complicated items which need in depth studies. This paper studies the behaviour and strength of eave connections for members that consist of back to back cold-formed double channels in portal (right angle) steel frames. Relatively new configuration is suggested to facilitate the construction and reduce the cost of this type of connections. The connection is comprised of two stubs (welded built-up I shape) connected with two head plates, each stub is welded to its head plate, keeping in mind that the rafter stub is tapered I-shape. The web ...


Compressive Strength Of Axially Loaded Built-Up Sigma Cold Formed Sections Columns, Mohamed El Aghoury, Maged Tawfic, Essam Amoush 2020 Association of Arab Universities

Compressive Strength Of Axially Loaded Built-Up Sigma Cold Formed Sections Columns, Mohamed El Aghoury, Maged Tawfic, Essam Amoush

Future Engineering Journal

The use of cold formed steel sections in building constructions has lately seen rapid growth due to their light weight and easier erection. Generally, lipped channel sections are used more frequently .Sigma sections while requiring more effort in fabrication, they exhibit high strength to weight ratios compared with the lipped channel sections. This work presents experimental as well as numerical study of the strength of pinned-pinned axially loaded columns utilizing sigma sections. The column section consists of two back to back sigma cold formed sections. The two sections are connected through their webs with connecting fasteners. Eight specimens with variable ...


Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista 2020 University of Central Florida

Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

This is version 3.1.1 BMP Trains 2020. It is a computer program used to assess the average annual removal effectiveness of nutrients. It is based on research from the State of Florida and uses design criteria in the State. It is accepted by regulatory agencies in the State. It was posted on March 16, 2020.

This version allows for greater flexibility in media selection. It also increases the reporting decimal places for TP removed in the Summary and Complete Reports A well as changes from fraction to % in exfiltration worksheet..

The development was supported by the Florida Department ...


User Manual - Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista 2020 University of Central Florida

User Manual - Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

This update is for version 3.1,1 completed on March 16, 2020. A user manual to accompany the computer program called BMP Trains 2020. The user manual provides example problems useful to understanding the program. The user's manual is updated when there is a need to respond to user inputs. The program is used to assess the average annual effectiveness of nutrient removal from combinations of stormwater BMPs. Fifteen (15) example problems are used to illustrate common design options for BMPs in the State of Florida.


Barriers And Bias: Women In Water Utilities Are Breaking Them All, Swati Hegde 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Barriers And Bias: Women In Water Utilities Are Breaking Them All, Swati Hegde

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Around the world, women are the mainstays of society, from raising children to supporting families to caring for the needy. In developing countries, they are also usually responsible for collecting and providing water for the family. In doing so, their time, health, safety, education and income are compromised. Outdated and undisputed social norms create the biases that force women to bear the responsibility to secure and distribute water, thereby creating barriers to women’s advancement in educational opportunities and significantly reducing income-earning potential. Similarly, in the developed world, outdated social norms create biases and barriers in the water industry that ...


Amigos Por Agua, Pamela J. Lazos 2020 Environmental Attorney and Writer

Amigos Por Agua, Pamela J. Lazos

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The role of non-profit organizations in outfitting the developing world with clean water has become more extensive as the world’s population grows, especially in places such as Nicaragua, the second poorest country in the western hemisphere. Nicaraguans suffer high rates of kidney disease, respiratory illnesses and parasites as a result of water borne diseases. NGOs such as Amigos for Christ are stepping in to fill the void in Chinandega where the local government lacks the financial wherewithal to provide a basic WASH infrastructure to its inhabitants. It is the goal of Amigos for Christ to bring water to every ...


Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Prescilla is a trainer and a mentor of teenagers and young adolescent women. She successfully managed the Girls Leadership and Advocacy Series (GALS Kenya), a Program of Women Campaign International (WCI). WCI is a Philadelphia based non-profit organization that empowers women globally to actively participate in civil society, political leadership, economic development and peace building.


Contextual Adjustment Of The Ite Trip Generation Rates Using Wi-Fi And Bluetooth Technologies, Saba Doulabi 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Contextual Adjustment Of The Ite Trip Generation Rates Using Wi-Fi And Bluetooth Technologies, Saba Doulabi

LSU Master's Theses

The ITE Trip Generation Handbook has been in common use for about half a century to estimate vehicle trips generated by more than 172 land use categories as a function of establishment size (floor area) only. However, observed trip rates display a huge error range across different sites. Although contextual adjustment factors can ameliorate the error in the ITE trip generation estimates considerably, local site-specific trip generation rates should be collected for this purpose. Due to the huge time and monetary costs of data collection, adjusting the ITE trip generation rate is ignored by many jurisdictions. The primary contribution of ...


Restoring Lake Urmia To A Range Of Lake Levels (2-Page Summary), Somayeh Sima, David E. Rosenberg, Wayne A. Wurtsbaugh, Sarah Null, Karin M. Kettenring 2020 Tarbiat Modares University

Restoring Lake Urmia To A Range Of Lake Levels (2-Page Summary), Somayeh Sima, David E. Rosenberg, Wayne A. Wurtsbaugh, Sarah Null, Karin M. Kettenring

Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications

More than 5 million people live near Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran. Urmia is one of the world's largest hypersaline lakes, yet over the past two decades, the lake has lost 95% of its volume and the lake level has dropped more than 7 m. We synthesized 40 years of available data, defined 10 management objectives for human health, water quality, ecology, recreation, and agro-economy (Box 1), and described trade-offs between those objectives and lake level. Results show that a single "ecological level" such as that set recently by the Iranian government may not achieve the objectives. Managers should ...


Relationship Between Sunspot Numbers And Mean Annual Precipitation: Application Of Cross-Wavelet Transform—A Case Study, Mohammad Nazari-Sharabian, Moses Karakouzian 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Relationship Between Sunspot Numbers And Mean Annual Precipitation: Application Of Cross-Wavelet Transform—A Case Study, Mohammad Nazari-Sharabian, Moses Karakouzian

Civil & Environmental Engineering and Construction Faculty Publications

Observations show that the Sun, which is the primary source of energy for the Earth’s climate system, is a variable star. In order to understand the influence of solar variability on the Earth’s climate, knowledge of solar variability and solar–terrestrial interactions is required. Knowledge of the Sun’s cyclic behavior can be used for future prediction purposes on Earth. In this study, the possible connection between sunspot numbers (SSN) as a proxy for the 11-year solar cycle and mean annual precipitation (MAP) in Iran were investigated, with the motivation of contributing to the controversial issue of the ...


Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam 2020 Purdue University

Wireless Underground Communications In Sewer And Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves Through Soil And Asphalt Medium, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Storm drains and sanitary sewers are prone to backups and overflows due to extra amount wastewater entering the pipes. To prevent that, it is imperative to efficiently monitor the urban underground infrastructure. The combination of sensors system and wireless underground communication system can be used to realize urban underground IoT applications, e.g., storm water and wastewater overflow monitoring systems. The aim of this article is to establish a feasibility of the use of wireless underground communications techniques, and wave propagation through the subsurface soil and asphalt layers, in an underground pavement system for storm water and sewer overflow monitoring ...


Sea Level, Tidal, And River Flow Trends In The Lower Columbia River Estuary, 1853-Present, Stefan Talke, Andrew Mahedy, David A. Jay, Patrick Lau, Conrad Hilley, Amanda Hudson 2020 California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo

Sea Level, Tidal, And River Flow Trends In The Lower Columbia River Estuary, 1853-Present, Stefan Talke, Andrew Mahedy, David A. Jay, Patrick Lau, Conrad Hilley, Amanda Hudson

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Few tidal records are available pre-1900 for the Pacific Ocean. We improve data coverage by recovering historical tabulations and digitizing analog tide rolls from Astoria, Oregon for 1853-1876. Nearly 13,500 overlapping images of tides from 1855-1870 were digitized at a 6 minute resolution using a line-finding algorithm. Available hourly and high/low tabulations were also digitized, as were nearby hourly records from 1933-1943. Uncertainty was assessed by evaluating manual staff measurements, historical documents, and leveling surveys. Results suggest that uncertainty in mean sea level varies from ± 0.07m (early 1850s) to ± 0.03m (1867-1876) and is driven primarily by ...


A Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory For Nebraska: Livestock And Coal Loom Large, Eric Holley, Adam Liska 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory For Nebraska: Livestock And Coal Loom Large, Eric Holley, Adam Liska

Adam Liska Papers

Mitigation of climate change requires the systematic identification and cataloging of emissions sources at city, state, and national levels. In this study, an inventory of annual greenhouse gas emissions from the state of Nebraska was created based on industry data, and emissions inventories were completed each year from 1990 to 2016. Nebraska’s net emissions were found to increase from 56.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MMtCO2e) in 1990 to 87.4 MMtCO2e in 2016. Agriculture was found to be the sector with the most emissions (36 MMtCO2e) followed by electricity ...


Analysis And Assessment Of The Reimbursement Rates And Mechanisms For Kentucky’S Publicly Funded Ferries, P. Gayle Marks, Bryan Gibson, Andrew Martin, Steven Douglas Kreis 2020 University of Kentucky

Analysis And Assessment Of The Reimbursement Rates And Mechanisms For Kentucky’S Publicly Funded Ferries, P. Gayle Marks, Bryan Gibson, Andrew Martin, Steven Douglas Kreis

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KYTC) reimburses publicly operated ferries, including when they cease operations due to severe weather or unforeseen events. Reimbursement procedures are not codified in law and are largely based on historical practice. To determine how the Cabinet should handle reimbursement, funding, oversight of ferry services moving forward, the Kentucky Transportation Center (KTC) reviewed practices adopted by 10 other states and conducted a detailed analysis of Kentucky’s current approach. Of the states KTC examined, only Tennessee reimburses ferry operations for closures (at 50 percent of the normal hourly rate for a period up to 48 hours). Half ...


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