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5,974 full-text articles. Page 1 of 148.

Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2020 University of Central Florida

Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the complete issue of JICRCR Volume 2, Issue 2.


An Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Flocculation Technology Applied To A Corn-Based Ethanol Plant, Maria C. T. B. Oliveira, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Iowa State University

An Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Flocculation Technology Applied To A Corn-Based Ethanol Plant, Maria C. T. B. Oliveira, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The stimulation of renewable fuel production is related to the environmental issues resulting from the extraction and utilization of fossil fuels. Although corn-based ethanol is one of the leading renewable fuels and promises to mitigate these environmental impacts, it generates large volumes of wastewater with high concentrations of organic material (CODcr > 30,000 mg/L) and low pH (3.5–4.5), which leads to serious environmental concerns. A common method of treatment of distillery wastewater is the Dry Distilled Grain Soluble (DDGS) process, which separates liquid and solid fractions; however, a disadvantage of this process is its high ...


Effects Of Farrowing Stall Layout And Number Of Heat Lamps On Sow And Piglet Production Performance, Suzanne M. Leonard, Hongwei Xin, Tami M. Brown-Brandl, Brett C. Ramirez, Somak Dutta, Gary A. Rohrer 2020 Iowa State University

Effects Of Farrowing Stall Layout And Number Of Heat Lamps On Sow And Piglet Production Performance, Suzanne M. Leonard, Hongwei Xin, Tami M. Brown-Brandl, Brett C. Ramirez, Somak Dutta, Gary A. Rohrer

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Most farrowing facilities in the United States use stalls and heat lamps to improve sow and piglet productivity. This study investigated these factors by comparing production outcomes for three different farrowing stall layouts (traditional, expanded creep area, expanded sow area) and use of one or two heat lamps. Data were collected on 427 sows and their litters over one year. Results showed no statistical differences due to experimental treatment for any of the production metrics recorded, excluding percent stillborn. Parity one sows had fewer piglets born alive (p < 0.001), lower percent mortality (p = 0.001) and over-lay (p = 0.003), and a greater number of piglets weaned (p < 0.001) with lower average daily weight gain (ADG) (p < 0.001) and more uniform litters (p = 0.001) as compared to higher parity sows. Farrowing turn, associated with group/seasonal changes, had a significant impact on most of the production metrics measured. Number of piglets born influenced the percent stillborn (p < 0.001). Adjusted litter size had a significant impact on percent mortality (p < 0.001), percent over-lay (p < 0.001), and number of piglets weaned (p < 0.001). As the number of piglets weaned per litter increased, both piglet ADG and litter uniformity decreased (p < 0.001). This information can be used to guide producers in farrowing facility design.


A Technoeconomic Platform For Early-Stage Process Design And Cost Estimation Of Joint Fermentative?Catalytic Bioprocessing, Mothi Bharath Viswanathan, D. Raj Raman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Brent H. Shanks 2020 Iowa State University

A Technoeconomic Platform For Early-Stage Process Design And Cost Estimation Of Joint Fermentative?Catalytic Bioprocessing, Mothi Bharath Viswanathan, D. Raj Raman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Technoeconomic analyses using established tools such as SuperPro Designer? require a level of detail that is typically unavailable at the early stage of process evaluation. To facilitate this, members of our group previously created a spreadsheet-based process modeling and technoeconomic platform explicitly aimed at joint fermentative?catalytic biorefinery processes. In this work, we detail the reorganization and expansion of this model—ESTEA2 (Early State Technoeconomic Analysis, version 2), including detailed design and cost calculations for new unit operations. Furthermore, we describe ESTEA2 validation using ethanol and sorbic acid process. The results were compared with estimates from the literature, SuperPro Designer ...


A Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory For Nebraska: Livestock And Coal Loom Large, Eric Holley, Adam Liska 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory For Nebraska: Livestock And Coal Loom Large, Eric Holley, Adam Liska

Adam Liska Papers

Mitigation of climate change requires the systematic identification and cataloging of emissions sources at city, state, and national levels. In this study, an inventory of annual greenhouse gas emissions from the state of Nebraska was created based on industry data, and emissions inventories were completed each year from 1990 to 2016. Nebraska’s net emissions were found to increase from 56.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MMtCO2e) in 1990 to 87.4 MMtCO2e in 2016. Agriculture was found to be the sector with the most emissions (36 MMtCO2e) followed by electricity ...


Lack Of Interactive Effects Between Diet Composition Or Acid Addition With Drying Method On Amino Acid Digestibility Values In Porcine Ileal Digesta, Brian Kerr, Shelby M. Curry, Brett C. Ramirez 2020 United States Department of Agriculture

Lack Of Interactive Effects Between Diet Composition Or Acid Addition With Drying Method On Amino Acid Digestibility Values In Porcine Ileal Digesta, Brian Kerr, Shelby M. Curry, Brett C. Ramirez

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of oven drying (OD) or freeze drying (FD) on apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acids (AA) in diets fed to pigs. In Exp. 1, 15 barrows (88.4 ± 6.4 kg) were allotted to either a corn starch-soybean meal (CST), potato starch-soybean meal (PST), or corn-soybean meal (CSBM) diet, over 2 collection periods. Following collection, samples were pooled within pig and subdivided into either OD or FD, resulting in 10 observations per diet by drying method combination. In Exp. 2, 11 barrows (63.3 ± 3.8 kg) were fed a CST ...


Cost Assessment Of Five Different Maize Grain Handling Techniques To Reduce Postharvest Losses From Insect Contamination, Bernard Darfour, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Ghana Atomic Energy Commission

Cost Assessment Of Five Different Maize Grain Handling Techniques To Reduce Postharvest Losses From Insect Contamination, Bernard Darfour, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Farmers in developing nations encounter high postharvest losses mainly attributable to the lack of modern techniques for threshing, cleaning, grading, and grain storage. Mechanized handling of grain in developing countries is rare, although the technology is effective against insects and pest infestations. The objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of five grain handling techniques that have the ability to reduce postharvest losses from insect infestation. The five methods were metal silo plus all accessories (m. silo + acc.), metal silo only (m. silo), woven polypropylene plus phosphine (w. PP. + Phos.), woven polypropylene only (w. PP.), and Purdue Improved Crop Storage bags ...


Stability And Evolution Of Planar And Concave Slopes Under Unsaturated And Rainfall Conditions, Arash Hassanikhah, Eric C. Drumm 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Stability And Evolution Of Planar And Concave Slopes Under Unsaturated And Rainfall Conditions, Arash Hassanikhah, Eric C. Drumm

Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science Publications and Other Works

Natural slopes are often observed to have a concave, convex, or a combination concave/convex profile, yet constructed slopes are traditionally designed with planar cross-sectional geometry. In this paper, the stability of two planar slopes was compared with that of companion concave slopes, designed to have similar factors of safety (FOS) under gravity loading. The stability of these slopes was then investigated in response to a suction event followed by a precipitation event, and it was shown that both the planar and the concave slopes experienced similar changes in stability. Additional analyses were conducted with a simulated erosion mechanism to ...


Prediction Of Neighbor-Dependent Microbial Interactions From Limited Population Data, Joon-Yong Lee, Shin Haruta, Souichiro Kato, Hans C. Bernstein, Stephen R. Lindemann, Dong-Yup Lee, JIm K. Fredrickson, Hyun-Seob Song 2020 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Prediction Of Neighbor-Dependent Microbial Interactions From Limited Population Data, Joon-Yong Lee, Shin Haruta, Souichiro Kato, Hans C. Bernstein, Stephen R. Lindemann, Dong-Yup Lee, Jim K. Fredrickson, Hyun-Seob Song

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Modulation of interspecies interactions by the presence of neighbor species is a key ecological factor that governs dynamics and function of microbial communities, yet the development of theoretical frameworks explicit for understanding context-dependent interactions are still nascent. In a recent study, we proposed a novel rule-based inference method termed the Minimal Interspecies Interaction Adjustment (MIIA) that predicts the reorganization of interaction networks in response to the addition of new species such that the modulation in interaction coefficients caused by additional members is minimal. While the theoretical basis of MIIA was established through the previous work by assuming the full availability ...


Irrigation-Yield Production Functions And Irrigation Water Use Effciency Response Of Drought-Tolerant And Non-Drought-Tolerant Maize Hybrids Under Different Irrigation Levels, Population Densities, And Environments, Suat Irmak, Ali T. Mohammed, William Kranz, C. D. Yonts, Simon van Donk 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Irrigation-Yield Production Functions And Irrigation Water Use Effciency Response Of Drought-Tolerant And Non-Drought-Tolerant Maize Hybrids Under Different Irrigation Levels, Population Densities, And Environments, Suat Irmak, Ali T. Mohammed, William Kranz, C. D. Yonts, Simon Van Donk

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Irrigation-yield production functions (IYPFs), irrigation water use effciency (IWUE), and grain production per unit of applied irrigation of non-drought-tolerant (NDT) and drought-tolerant (DT) maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids were quantified in four locations with different climates in Nebraska [Concord (sub-humid), Clay Center (transition zone between sub-humid and semi-arid); North Platte (semi-arid); and, Scottsbluff (semi-arid)] during three growing seasons (2010, 2011, and 2012) at three irrigation levels (fully-irrigated treatment (FIT), early cut-off (ECOT), and rainfed (RFT)) under two plant population densities (PPDs) (low-PPD; 59,300 plants ha-1; and, high-PPD, 84,000 plants ha-1). Overall, DT hybrids’ performance was superior ...


Development And Application Of A Performance And Operational Feasibility Guide To Facilitate Adoption Of Soil Moisture Sensors, Meetpal S. Kukal, Suat Irmak, Kiran Sharma 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development And Application Of A Performance And Operational Feasibility Guide To Facilitate Adoption Of Soil Moisture Sensors, Meetpal S. Kukal, Suat Irmak, Kiran Sharma

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Soil moisture sensors can be effective and promising decision-making tools for diverse applications and audiences, including agricultural managers, irrigation practitioners, and researchers. Nevertheless, there exists immense adoption potential in the United States, with only 1.2 in 10 farms nationally using soil moisture sensors to decide when to irrigate. This number is much lower in the global scale. Increased adoption is likely hindered by lack of scientific support in need assessment, selection, suitability and use of these sensors. Here, through extensive field research, we address the operational feasibility of soil moisture sensors, an aspect which has been overlooked in the ...


Field Assessment Of Interreplicate Variability From Eight Electromagnetic Soil Moisture Sensors, Tsz Him Lo, Daran Rudnick, Jasreman Singh, Hope Njuki Nakabuye, Abia Katimbo, Derek M. Heeren, Yufeng Ge 2020 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Field Assessment Of Interreplicate Variability From Eight Electromagnetic Soil Moisture Sensors, Tsz Him Lo, Daran Rudnick, Jasreman Singh, Hope Njuki Nakabuye, Abia Katimbo, Derek M. Heeren, Yufeng Ge

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Interreplicate variability—the spread in output values among units of the same sensor subjected to essentially the same condition—can be a major source of uncertainty in sensor data. To investigate the interreplicate variability among eight electromagnetic soil moisture sensors through a field study, eight units of TDR315, CS616, CS655, HydraProbe2, EC5, 5TE, and Teros12 were installed at a depth of 0.30 m within 3 m of each other, whereas three units of AquaSpy Vector Probe were installed within 3 m of each other. The magnitude of interreplicate variability in volumetric water content (θv) was generally similar between ...


Site-Specific Irrigation Management In A Sub-Humid Climate Using A Spatial Evapotranspiration Model With Satellite And Airborne Imagery, Sandeep Bhatti, Derek M. Heeren, J. Burdette Barker, Christopher M. U. Neale, Wayne Woldt, Mitchell S. Maguire, Daran Rudnick 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Site-Specific Irrigation Management In A Sub-Humid Climate Using A Spatial Evapotranspiration Model With Satellite And Airborne Imagery, Sandeep Bhatti, Derek M. Heeren, J. Burdette Barker, Christopher M. U. Neale, Wayne Woldt, Mitchell S. Maguire, Daran Rudnick

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Variable Rate Irrigation (VRI) considers spatial variability in soil and plant characteristics to optimize irrigation management in agricultural fields. The advent of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) creates an opportunity to utilize high-resolution (spatial and temporal) imagery into irrigation management due to decreasing costs, ease of operation, and reduction of regulatory constraints. This research aimed to evaluate the use of UAS data for VRI, and to quantify the potential of VRI in terms of relative crop and water response. Irrigation treatments were: (1) VRI using Landsat imagery (VRI-L), (2) VRI using UAS imagery (VRI-U), (3) uniform (U), and (4) rainfed (R ...


Soil Structure And Texture Effects On The Precision Of Soil Water Content Measurements With A Capacitance-Based Electromagnetic Sensor, Jasreman Singh, Derek M. Heeren, Daran Rudnick, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Yufeng Ge, Joe D. Luck 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Soil Structure And Texture Effects On The Precision Of Soil Water Content Measurements With A Capacitance-Based Electromagnetic Sensor, Jasreman Singh, Derek M. Heeren, Daran Rudnick, Wayne Woldt, Geng Bai, Yufeng Ge, Joe D. Luck

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The physical properties of soil, such as structure and texture, can affect the performance of an electromagnetic sensor in measuring soil water content. Historically, calibrations have been performed on repacked samples in the laboratory and on in situ soils in the field, but little research has been done on laboratory calibrations with intact (undisturbed) soil cores. In this study, three replications each of disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were collected from two soil texture classes (Yutan silty clay loam and Fillmore silt loam) at a field site in eastern Nebraska to investigate the effects of soil structure and texture on ...


Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Iowa State University and University Malaysia Pahang

Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Environmental impact assessment is a crucial aspect of biofuels production to ensure that the process generates emissions within the designated limits. In typical cellulosic biofuel production process, the pretreatment and downstream processing stages were reported to require a high amount of chemicals and energy, thus generating high emissions. Cellulosic butanol production while using low moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) pretreatment was expected to have a low chemical, water, and energy footprint, especially when the process was combined with more efficient downstream processing technologies. In this study, the quantification of environmental impact potentials from cellulosic butanol production plants was conducted with modeled ...


Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Cellulosic Butanol Production From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Iowa State University and University Malaysia Pahang

Techno-Economic Analysis (Tea) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Cellulosic Butanol Production From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Among the driving factors for the high production cost of cellulosic butanol lies the pretreatment and product separation sections, which often demand high amounts of energy, chemicals, and water. In this study, techno-economic analysis of several pretreatments and product separation technologies were conducted and compared. Among the pretreatment technologies evaluated, low-moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) pretreatment has shown notable potential with a pretreatment cost of $0.16/L butanol. Other pretreatment technologies evaluated were autohydrolysis, soaking in aqueous ammonia (SAA), and soaking in sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) with pretreatment costs of $1.98/L, $3.77/L, and $0.61/L ...


Predicting Crop Yields And Soil‐Plant Nitrogen Dynamics In The Us Corn Belt, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Michael J. Castellano, Mark A. Licht, Virginia Nichols, Mitch Baum, Isaiah Huber, Rafael Martinez-Feria, Laila Puntel, Raziel A. Ordonez, Javed Iqbal, Emily E. Wright, Ranae N. Dietzel, Matthew Helmers, Andy VanLoocke, Matt Liebman, Jerry L. Hatfield, Daryl Herzmann, S. Carolina Córdova, Patrick Edmonds, Kaitlin Togliatti, Ashlyn Kessler, Gerasimos Danalatos, Heather Pasley, Carl Pederson, Kendall R. Lamkey 2020 Iowa State University

Predicting Crop Yields And Soil‐Plant Nitrogen Dynamics In The Us Corn Belt, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Michael J. Castellano, Mark A. Licht, Virginia Nichols, Mitch Baum, Isaiah Huber, Rafael Martinez-Feria, Laila Puntel, Raziel A. Ordonez, Javed Iqbal, Emily E. Wright, Ranae N. Dietzel, Matthew Helmers, Andy Vanloocke, Matt Liebman, Jerry L. Hatfield, Daryl Herzmann, S. Carolina Córdova, Patrick Edmonds, Kaitlin Togliatti, Ashlyn Kessler, Gerasimos Danalatos, Heather Pasley, Carl Pederson, Kendall R. Lamkey

Agronomy Publications

We used the Agricultural Production Systems sIMulator (APSIM) to predict and explain maize and soybean yields, phenology, and soil water and nitrogen (N) dynamics during the growing season in Iowa, USA. Historical, current and forecasted weather data were used to drive simulations, which were released in public four weeks after planting. In this paper, we (1) describe the methodology used to perform forecasts; (2) evaluate model prediction accuracy against data collected from 10 locations over four years; and (3) identify inputs that are key in forecasting yields and soil N dynamics. We found that the predicted median yield at planting ...


Dynamics Of Corn Dry Matter Content And Grain Quality After Physiological Maturity, Md Rasel Parvej, Charles R. Hurburgh, H. Mark Hanna, Mark A. Licht 2020 Louisiana State University

Dynamics Of Corn Dry Matter Content And Grain Quality After Physiological Maturity, Md Rasel Parvej, Charles R. Hurburgh, H. Mark Hanna, Mark A. Licht

Agronomy Publications

Delayed corn (Zea mays L.) harvest after physiological maturity (PM) is a universal practice in the U.S. Corn Belt to reduce grain drying cost. However, corn yield is speculated to be lost due to kernel dry matter loss from seed respiration. We evaluated the impact of in‐field dry down on corn dry matter content and grain quality after PM at two locations in Iowa during 2016 and 2017. Each site‐year consisted of two planting dates and three hybrids where ears were collected six to eight times from PM to harvest. Regardless of site‐year and hybrid, grain ...


Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2019 Iowa State University and University Malaysia Pahang

Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Environmental impact assessment is a crucial aspect of biofuels production to ensure that the process generates emissions within the designated limits. In typical cellulosic biofuel production process, the pretreatment and downstream processing stages were reported to require a high amount of chemicals and energy, thus generating high emissions. Cellulosic butanol production while using low moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) pretreatment was expected to have a low chemical, water, and energy footprint, especially when the process was combined with more efficient downstream processing technologies. In this study, the quantification of environmental impact potentials from cellulosic butanol production plants was conducted with modeled ...


Flex-Ro: A Robotic High Throughput Field Phenotyping System, Joshua N. Murman 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Flex-Ro: A Robotic High Throughput Field Phenotyping System, Joshua N. Murman

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Research in agriculture is critical to developing techniques to meet the world’s demand for food, fuel, fiber, and feed. Optimization of crop production per unit of land requires scientists across disciplines to collaborate and investigate new areas of science and tools for data collection. The use of robotics has been adopted in several industries to supplement labor, and accurately perform repetitious tasks. However, the use of autonomous robots in commercial agricultural production is still limited. The Flex-Ro (Flexible structured Robotic platform) was developed for use in large area fields as a multipurpose tool to perform monotonous agricultural tasks.

This ...


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