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Impact Of Parasitic Drag On A Family Of Optimal Lift Distributions, Austin J. Stewart 2020 Utah State University

Impact Of Parasitic Drag On A Family Of Optimal Lift Distributions, Austin J. Stewart

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Minimizing drag is a variational problem, and several minimum induced drag solutions have been found using different design constraints. The elliptic lift distribution is commonly used to minimize induced drag, but is only the optimal solution under one set of design constraints. Non-elliptic lift distributions are able to reduce induced drag, when compared to the elliptic lift distribution, by increasing the wingspan while maintaining a consistent wing–structure weight. However, these non-elliptic lift distributions are only optimal if the effects of viscous drag are neglected. In this study, numerical tools are used to estimate the total drag on rectangular wings ...


Development And Testing Of Novel Antimicrobial Materials For Additive Manufacturing With Application In Space, Michael Thompson, Jorge Zuniga, Christopher Copeland, Roberto Saavedra, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Andres Acu?a Velásquez, Daniel Martínez Pereira, Claudio Soto 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Development And Testing Of Novel Antimicrobial Materials For Additive Manufacturing With Application In Space, Michael Thompson, Jorge Zuniga, Christopher Copeland, Roberto Saavedra, Claudia Cortes Reyes, Andres Acu?a Velásquez, Daniel Martínez Pereira, Claudio Soto

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was twofold: (i) develop and test the antimicrobial properties of a polylactic acid- and a polyurethane-based filament, and (ii) use these filaments to manufacture a socket-based prosthesis to verify printability and longevity of the antimicrobial properties. It was hypothesized that the formulation of a novel biocidal copper-based nanocomposite with a biocompatible 3D printing polymer/copolymer can be used for the development of antimicrobial medical devices to mitigate microbial risks during long space flight missions [1, 2, 3].

METHODS: Polylactic Acid-based Filament Development-The development of a polylactic acid-based filament involved several processes, such as ...


Title: Fully Interactive And Refined Resolution Simulations Of The Martian Dust Cycle By The Marswrf Model, Claus Gebhardt, Abdelgadir Abuelgasim, Ricardo M. Fonseca, Javier Martín-Torres, Maria-Paz Zorzano 2020 United Arab Emirates University

Title: Fully Interactive And Refined Resolution Simulations Of The Martian Dust Cycle By The Marswrf Model, Claus Gebhardt, Abdelgadir Abuelgasim, Ricardo M. Fonseca, Javier Martín-Torres, Maria-Paz Zorzano

National Space Science & Technology Center Datasets

The Mars climate model MarsWRF was run with fully interactive dust parametrization, assuming an infinite surface dust reservoir. Changing the horizontal resolution from 5°×5° to 2°×2° produced different dust cycle variability and dust source regions. The higher spatial resolution allowed for a better representation of the surface topography and associated surface dust lifting by wind stress, that is more consistent with observations. Global Dust Storm Events typically occurred if dust storm activity at northern Hellas Planitia connected with that at southern Chryse Planitia.


John Houbolt: The Unsung Hero Of The Apollo Moon Landings, William F. Causey 2020 Purdue University

John Houbolt: The Unsung Hero Of The Apollo Moon Landings, William F. Causey

Purdue University Press Book Previews

In May 1961, President Kennedy announced that the United States would attempt to land a man on the moon and return him safely to the earth before the end of that decade. Yet NASA did not have a specific plan for how to accomplish that goal. Over the next fourteen months, NASA vigorously debated several options. At first the consensus was to send one big rocket with several astronauts to the moon, land and explore, and then take off and return the astronauts to earth in the same vehicle. Another idea involved launching several smaller Saturn V rockets into the ...


Counter Unmanned Aircraft Systems Technologies And Operations, Randall K. Nichols, Hans C. Mumm, Wayne D. Lonstein, Julie J.C.H Ryan, Candice Carter, John-Paul Hood 2020 Kansas State University - Polytechnic Campus

Counter Unmanned Aircraft Systems Technologies And Operations, Randall K. Nichols, Hans C. Mumm, Wayne D. Lonstein, Julie J.C.H Ryan, Candice Carter, John-Paul Hood

NPP eBooks

As the quarter-century mark in the 21st Century nears, new aviation-related equipment has come to the forefront, both to help us and to haunt us. (Coutu, 2020) This is particularly the case with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These vehicles have grown in popularity and accessible to everyone. Of different shapes and sizes, they are widely available for purchase at relatively low prices. They have moved from the backyard recreation status to important tools for the military, intelligence agencies, and corporate organizations. New practical applications such as military equipment and weaponry are announced on a regular basis – globally. (Coutu, 2020) Every ...


Ground And In-Flight Calibration Of The Osiris-Rex Camera Suite, D. R. Golish, C. Drouet d'Aubigny, B. Rizk, D. N. DellaGiustina, P. H. Smith, K. Becker, N. Shultz, T. Stone, M. K. Barker, E. Mazarico, E. Tatsumi, R. W. Gaskell, L. Harrison, C. Merrill, C. Fellows, B. Williams, S. O'Dougherty, Michael Whitely, Jed Hancock, B. E. Clark, C. W. Hergenrother, D. S. Lauretta 2020 University of Arizona

Ground And In-Flight Calibration Of The Osiris-Rex Camera Suite, D. R. Golish, C. Drouet D'Aubigny, B. Rizk, D. N. Dellagiustina, P. H. Smith, K. Becker, N. Shultz, T. Stone, M. K. Barker, E. Mazarico, E. Tatsumi, R. W. Gaskell, L. Harrison, C. Merrill, C. Fellows, B. Williams, S. O'Dougherty, Michael Whitely, Jed Hancock, B. E. Clark, C. W. Hergenrother, D. S. Lauretta

Space Dynamics Lab Publications

The OSIRIS-REx Camera Suite (OCAMS) onboard the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is used to study the shape and surface of the mission’s target, asteroid (101955) Bennu, in support of the selection of a sampling site. We present calibration methods and results for the three OCAMS cameras—MapCam, PolyCam, and SamCam—using data from pre-flight and in-flight calibration campaigns. Pre-flight calibrations established a baseline for a variety of camera properties, including bias and dark behavior, flat fields, stray light, and radiometric calibration. In-flight activities updated these calibrations where possible, allowing us to confidently measure Bennu’s surface. Accurate calibration is critical not ...


Near-Field Pressure Signature Splicing For Low-Fidelity Design Space Exploration Of Supersonic Aircraft, Christian R. Bolander, Douglas F. Hunsaker 2020 Utah State University

Near-Field Pressure Signature Splicing For Low-Fidelity Design Space Exploration Of Supersonic Aircraft, Christian R. Bolander, Douglas F. Hunsaker

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

As interest in supersonic overland flight intensifies, new ways to meet government restrictions on sonic boom loudness must be implemented. Low-fidelity aerodynamic tools, such as PANAIR, can estimate the near-field pressure signature that ultimately determines the loudness of the sonic boom at the ground. These tools can greatly benefit the exploration of large design spaces due to their computational efficiency. One of the limitations of low-fidelity tools is the accuracy of the solution produced, which is dependent on the fundamental physical assumptions made in the development of the governing equations. If flow patterns are produced that severely violate these fundamental ...


Close Formation Flight Missions Using Vision-Based Position Detection System, Ashok Sarath Chandra Reddy Irigireddy 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Close Formation Flight Missions Using Vision-Based Position Detection System, Ashok Sarath Chandra Reddy Irigireddy

Dissertations and Theses

In this thesis, a formation flight architecture is described along with the implementation and evaluation of a state-of-the-art vision-based algorithm for solving the problem of estimating and tracking a leader vehicle within a close-formation configuration. A vision-based algorithm that uses Darknet architecture and a formation flight control law to track and follow a leader with desired clearance in forward, lateral directions are developed and implemented. The architecture is run on a flight computer that handles the process in real-time while integrating navigation sensors and a stereo camera. Numerical simulations along with indoor and outdoor actual flight tests demonstrate the capabilities ...


Uas For Public Safety Operations: A Comparison Of Uas Point Clouds To Terrestrial Lidar Point Cloud Data Using A Faro Scanner, Joseph S. Cerreta, Scott S. Burgess, Jeremy Coleman 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Uas For Public Safety Operations: A Comparison Of Uas Point Clouds To Terrestrial Lidar Point Cloud Data Using A Faro Scanner, Joseph S. Cerreta, Scott S. Burgess, Jeremy Coleman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) can be useful tools for public safety agencies during crime or vehicle accident scene investigations if it can provide value to the resource-constrained agency. The speed of data collection, while minimizing first responder risk, while sustaining an acceptable level of accuracy and precision compared to other tools is where the agency may find value. During a recent homicide investigation in Florida, a UAS provided saved 81% in law enforcement labor hours with an acceptable level of accuracy compared to traditional methods. The purpose of this research was to compare UAS to determine if there were differences ...


Towards A Hybrid Comfortable Passenger Cabin Interior For The Flying V Aircraft, Peter Vink, Thomas Rotte, Shabila Anjani, Chiara Percuoco, Roelof Vos 2020 Delft University of Technology

Towards A Hybrid Comfortable Passenger Cabin Interior For The Flying V Aircraft, Peter Vink, Thomas Rotte, Shabila Anjani, Chiara Percuoco, Roelof Vos

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

The Flying-V is a V-shaped airplane in development, which uses less fuel due its form. Passengers are in the oval cabin in the wing, which asks for an alternative design to the interior. At the same time there is a demand for more comfortable interiors.

80 students were asked to develop interior design ideas for this Flying V concept. A jury of experts selected four aircraft interior concepts and these were developed and a 1:1 scale mockup was made, with a hybrid interior. It included a chaise longue seats, the group space, beds and ‘staggered’ seats for the middle ...


An Exact Formulation For Exponential-Logarithmic Transformation Stretches In A Multiphase Phase Field Approach To Martensitic Transformations, Anup Basak, Valery I. Levitas 2020 Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati

An Exact Formulation For Exponential-Logarithmic Transformation Stretches In A Multiphase Phase Field Approach To Martensitic Transformations, Anup Basak, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A general theoretical and computational procedure for dealing with an exponential-logarithmic kinematic model for transformation stretch tensor in a multiphase phase field approach to stress- and temperature- induced martensitic transformations with N martensitic variants is developed for transformations between all possible crystal lattices. This kinematic model, where the natural logarithm of transformation stretch tensor is a linear combination of natural logarithm of the Bain tensors, yields isochoric variant-variant transformations for the entire transformation path. Such a condition is plausible and cannot be satisfied by the widely used kinematic model where the transformation stretch tensor is linear in Bain tensors. Earlier ...


Fifth-Degree Elastic Potential For Predictive Stress-Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Si, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang 2020 East China University of Science and Technology and Iowa State University

Fifth-Degree Elastic Potential For Predictive Stress-Strain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Si, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Materials under complex loading develop large strains and often transition via an elastic instability, as observed in both simple and complex systems. Here, we present Si I under large strain in terms of Lagrangian strain by an 5th-order elastic potential found by minimizing error relative to density functional theory (DFT) results. The Cauchy stress-Lagrangian strain curves for arbitrary complex loadings are in excellent correspondence with DFT results, including elastic instability driving Si I→II phase transformation (PT) and the shear instabilities. PT conditions for Si I→II under action of cubic axial stresses are linear in Cauchy stresses in agreement ...


Characterization Of Simulated Low Earth Orbit Space Environment Effects On Acid-Spun Carbon Nanotube Yarns, Ryan A. Kemnitz, Gregory R. Cobb, Abhendra K. Singh, Carl R. Hartsfield 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Characterization Of Simulated Low Earth Orbit Space Environment Effects On Acid-Spun Carbon Nanotube Yarns, Ryan A. Kemnitz, Gregory R. Cobb, Abhendra K. Singh, Carl R. Hartsfield

Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study is to quantify the detrimental effects of atomic oxygen and ultraviolet (UV) C radiation on the mechanical properties, electrical conductivity, and piezoresistive effect of acid-spun carbon nanotube (CNT) yarns. Monotonic tensile tests with in-situ electrical resistance measurements were performed on pristine and exposed yarns to determine the effects of the atomic oxygen and UVC exposures on the yarn’s material properties. Both type of exposures were performed under vacuum to simulate space environment conditions. The CNT yarns’ mechanical properties did not change significantly after being exposed to UV radiation, but were significantly degraded by the ...


Highly Reactive Energetic Films By Pre-Stressing Nano-Aluminum Particles, Michael N. Bello, Alan M. Williams, Valery I. Levitas, Nobumichi Tamura, Daniel K. Unruh, Juliusz Warzywoda, Michelle L. Pantoya 2019 Texas Tech University

Highly Reactive Energetic Films By Pre-Stressing Nano-Aluminum Particles, Michael N. Bello, Alan M. Williams, Valery I. Levitas, Nobumichi Tamura, Daniel K. Unruh, Juliusz Warzywoda, Michelle L. Pantoya

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Energetic films were synthesized using stress altered nano-aluminum particles (nAl). The nAl powder was pre-stressed to examine how modified mechanical properties of the fuel particles influenced film reactivity. Pre-stressing conditions varied by quenching rate. Slow and rapid quenching rates induced elevated dilatational strain within the nAl particles that was measured using synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD). An analytical model for stress and strain in a nAl core–Al2O3 shell particle that includes creep in the shell and delamination at the core–shell boundary, was developed and used for interpretation of strain measurements. Results show rapid quenching induced 81% delamination at the ...


Multiscale Modeling Of Fracture In Quasi-Brittle Materials Using Bifurcation Analysis And Element Elimination Method, Keyvan Zare Rami 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Multiscale Modeling Of Fracture In Quasi-Brittle Materials Using Bifurcation Analysis And Element Elimination Method, Keyvan Zare Rami

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Analyzing the fracture of heterogeneous materials is a complex problem, due to the fact that the mechanical behavior of a heterogeneous material is strongly dependent on a variety of factors, such as its microstructure, the properties of each constituent, and interactions between them. Therefore, these factors must be effectively taken into account for accurate analysis, for which the multiscale method has been widely used. In this scheme, the computational homogenization method is used to obtain the effective macroscopic properties of a heterogeneous material based on the response of a Representative Volume Element (RVE). The growth of damage in an RVE ...


The Effectiveness Of Augmented Reality For Astronauts On Lunar Missions: An Analog Study, Godfrey Valencio D’souza 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Effectiveness Of Augmented Reality For Astronauts On Lunar Missions: An Analog Study, Godfrey Valencio D’Souza

Dissertations and Theses

The uses of augmented reality and head-up displays are becoming more prominent in industries such as aviation, automotive, and medicine. An augmented reality device such as the Microsoft HoloLens can project holograms onto the user’s natural field of view to assist with completion of a variety of tasks. Unfortunately, only a little research and development has begun in the space sector for astronauts using these head-up displays. Future lunar missions could incorporate augmented reality for astronauts to ease task load and improve accuracy. This study evaluated the usability, subjective workload, and task performance of 22 participants using the Microsoft ...


Development Of A Research Spacecraft Test-Bed With Implementation Of Control Laws To Compensate Undesired Dynamics, Yomary Angélica Betancur Vesga 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Development Of A Research Spacecraft Test-Bed With Implementation Of Control Laws To Compensate Undesired Dynamics, Yomary Angélica Betancur Vesga

Dissertations and Theses

The development of research spacecraft systems has a significant impact on the preparation and simulation of future space missions. Hardware, software and operation procedures can be adequately tested, validated and verified before they are deployed for the actual mission. In this thesis, a spacecraft vehicle test-bed named Extreme Access System (EASY) was developed. EASY aims at supporting validation and verification of guidance, navigation and control algorithms. Description of EASY spacecraft systems, sub-systems and integration is presented in this thesis along with an analysis of results from numerical simulation and actual implementation of control laws. An attitude control architecture based on ...


Numerical Treatment Of Schr?dinger’S Equation For One-Particle And Two-Particle Systems Using Matrix Method, Spatika Dasharati Iyengar 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Numerical Treatment Of Schr?dinger’S Equation For One-Particle And Two-Particle Systems Using Matrix Method, Spatika Dasharati Iyengar

Dissertations and Theses

With an increased interest in accurately predicting aerothermal environments for planetary entry, recent researches have concentrated on developing high fidelity computational models using quantum-mechanical first principles. These calculations are dependent on solving the Schr?dinger equation using molecular orbital theory techniques. They are either approximate solutions to actual equations or exact solutions to approximate equations. Exact solutions have not found favor due to the computational expense of the problem. Hence, a novel numerical approach is developed and tested here using linear algebraic matrix methods to enable precise solutions.

The finite-difference technique is used to cast the Time-Independent Schr?dinger equation (TISE) in ...


Fuel Efficient Control Design And Constrained Motion Analysis For Spacecraft Coloumb Formation In Elliptic Chief Orbits, Muhammad Wasif Memon 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Fuel Efficient Control Design And Constrained Motion Analysis For Spacecraft Coloumb Formation In Elliptic Chief Orbits, Muhammad Wasif Memon

Dissertations and Theses

The use of Coulomb force has been analyzed in recent years to provide propulsion in space for various applications. Coulomb formation can also be utilized to make close formation spacecraft missions fuel efficient. In this study, the Coulomb formation of two craft is studied in elliptic chief orbits for two formation geometries. The first formation requires both spacecraft to be aligned along the nadir (radial) direction and the second formation requires both spacecraft to maintain a constant separation distance relative to each other while each spacecraft rotates freely on the surface of a sphere with the ratio of the radii ...


In-Situ Measurement Of Resin Shrinkage For Aerospace Components, Samarth Motagi 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

In-Situ Measurement Of Resin Shrinkage For Aerospace Components, Samarth Motagi

Dissertations and Theses

Resin shrinkage due to chemical changes and thermal gradients plays an important role in the residual stress evolution during composite manufacturing. In this thesis, we develop a new in-situ experimental approach for measuring resin shrinkage during curing with the help of digital image correlation (DIC) instrumented on a specially designed autoclave with borosilicate viewports. The images of the resin sample are captured at regular intervals with the help of DIC to measure the displacement and strains during the curing process. We utilize this method for a comparative analysis of resin shrinkage in two common aerospace epoxies, Epoxy 105 and EPON ...


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